Messiah Lutheran Church :: THE LORD'S SUPPER - A BIBLE STUDY

THE LORD'S SUPPER - A BIBLE STUDY

WHAT IS THE LORD’S SUPPER?

 

Read Matthew 26:17-30

 

What special feast were they about to celebrate?  _________________________________________________

 

2.             Jesus’ death is fast approaching – “His appointed time is near.”  While they’re eating, Jesus announced the sad news that one of the disciples would betray Him.  Who would that betrayer be?  ________________________

 

3.             Jesus then instituted the Lord’s Supper.  What visible element does He first give to them? _________________

 

What statement does Jesus make concerning the bread? (v.26)  ______________________________________

 

Jesus then gives them wine.  What does He say about it? (v.28)  _____________________________________

 

 

LESSON #9

 

What blessing does Jesus say had been given to the disciples through this? (v.28b)  ______________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________

 

A simple definition of the Lord’s Supper: _______________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

WHAT DO I RECEIVE IN THE LORD’S SUPPER?

 

Real Presence

Transubstantiation

Representation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I Corinthians 10:16  Is not the cup of thanksgiving for which we give thanks a participation in the blood of Christ?  And is not the bread that we break a participation in the body of Christ?

 

I Corinthians 11:27  Therefore, whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty of sinning against the body and blood of the Lord.

 

WHAT ARE THE BLESSINGS OF THE LORD’S SUPPER?

 

I Corinthians 11:25   In the same way, after supper he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood; do this, whenever you drink it, in remembrance of me.”

 

1.             When I take the Lord’s Supper, I’m reminded of _________________________________________________

 

Matthew 26:28   This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.

 

2.             God assures me ____________________________________________________________________________

 

I Corinthians 11:26  For whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes.

 

3.             God gives me the opportunity to ______________________________________________________________

 

Matthew 26:26,27   … this is my body.”  …  This is my blood of the covenant.

 

4.             Most importantly, in a miraculous way God gives me ______________________________________________

 

IV.          FOR WHOM IS THE LORD’S SUPPER INTENDED?

                Read I Corinthians 11:23-29

 

1.             Paul had been taught the truths of the Lord’s Supper by the Lord Himself.  What did he then do with those truths?___________________________________________________________________________________

 

2.             What insights does that give us as to what God wants to happen before a person comes to the Lord’s Supper?

_________________________________________________________________________________________

 

3.             One of the reasons that a person should be instructed before coming to the Lord’s Supper is the warning contained in v. 27.  If we take the Lord’s Supper in an unworthy manner, what does God say we are doing? ___

_________________________________________________________________________________________

LESSON #9

 

Verse 29 further explains v. 27.  If I come to the Lord’s Supper not knowing what I’m doing, into what dangerous situation do I put myself? ___________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________

 

In v. 28 God gives us further instruction.  What does God want us to do before coming to the Lord’s Supper?

_________________________________________________________________________________________

 

6.             To examine myself, I would look at God’s 10 Commandments and then measure my thoughts, my words, and my actions in that light.  If I do that honestly, what will I have to admit?  ______________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________

 

7.             Why would God want us to do that before coming to the Lord’s Supper? ______________________________

                _________________________________________________________________________________________

 

8.             God gives us one further word of instruction in I Corinthians 10:17.  “Because there is one loaf, we, who are many, are one body, for we all partake of the one loaf.”  If I take the Lord’s Supper with someone, what am I confessing about our beliefs?  ________________________________________________________________

                _________________________________________________________________________________________

 

9.             So, before I would take the Lord’s Supper with a congregation, I would want to make sure ________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

In summary, God teaches that the Lord’s Supper is to be offered to those

who have been properly instructed.

who recognize that in the Lord’s Supper we receive Jesus’ body and blood in a miraculous way.

who are able to examine themselves.

who are repentant of their sins.

who confess a common faith in all the teachings of the Bible.

 

This Biblical teaching is called ________________________________________, and has been the practice of the Christian Church all through the ages.

 

10.          By doing this, God wants to assure that the Lord’s Supper will always remain __________________________

                _________________________________________________________________________________________

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